Iceland’s first annual Mid-Winter Bird Count was held in 1952. The goal of this long-term project is to collect data on the numbers and distribution of birds in winter. Counts are standardised and can therefore be useful in monitoring many individual bird populations.
The Icelandic Mid-Winter Bird Count is one of the country’s longest-running wildlife monitoring programmes. It is inspired by and based on the North American "Christmas Bird Count". The Mid-Winter Bird Count is the monitoring programme that covers the largest number of bird species in Iceland.
The Mid-Winter Bird Count was quick to catch on among Iceland’s bird enthusiasts, and many of the original bird counters returned to their monitoring sites year after year. Some participated in the programme for many decades. The Mid-Winter Bird Count has been volunteer-run from the outset. Counts usually take place around New Year’s.
In 1952, counts were carried out at 11 locations. By 1958, bird counts were taking place at 44 spots across the country. The number of count locations was rather slow to increase in the 1960s but has now risen to more than 200 individual sites.