The IINH disseminates research in the natural sciences in Iceland through scholarly and scientific publications, often in collaboration with other organisations. The IINH has been involved in the publishing of a number of natural science magazines and scientific journals, both in English and Icelandic. The IINH also publishes Icelandic Red Lists, annual reports, special research reports, and educational material.

All IINH publications are catalogued on, which includes the national catalogue for Icelandic libraries. Publications can be accessed in PDF format on the IINH website.